UNESCO published the 2020 Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report, which states that “quality education should be available to every young person in the world – regardless of gender, disability, ethnicity, identity, language or any other factor.”
The report assessed the progress made so far to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 on education in 209 countries while collecting good examples of policies that tackle the exclusion of children from education based on their background or ability.
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Key findings of the report:
- during the lockdown disadvantaged learners in 40% of the world’s poorest countries have not been supported only 1 in 10 countries had laws on inclusive education
- school closure affected 90% of the world’s students in 20 poor countries (mainly in sub-Saharan Africa) only very few young women complete secondary education in rural areas
- 68% of the countries have a definition for inclusive education, but only 57% of that addresses multiple marginalised groups
- 25% of the countries have laws to educate students with disabilities separately, 10% to integrate them, 17% to implement inclusive education and the rest combines segregation and mainstreaming
- 25% of teachers in 48 education systems articulated the need for professional development to successfully educate students with special needs
- 41 countries recognise sign language as an official language
- 23 of the 49 European countries do not address gender and sexual orientation in their curriculum
- 4 African countries banned pregnant girls from school
- child marriage is still accepted in 117 countries